Slipped disc, or more correctly referred to as a herniated disc or disc herniation, is a medical condition wherein the nucleus pulposus, the soft jelly-like substance within the spinal disc, protrudes and spills out into the spinal canal through a rupture in the annulus fibrosus, the flexible outer covering of the disc.
In some occurrences, slipped disc symptoms may not manifest, though usually, it can cause several critical conditions, like spinal stenosis, sciatica, and Caude Equina Syndrome, to name a few.
Extreme back pain is usually the first of numerous symptoms when more severe conditions manifest, other neurological issues may follow, depending on the severity of the compression, such as weakness, tingling, or a burning feeling in the lower extremities, loss in sexual function, loss of bladder and bowel control, and even paralysis. Undergoing the recommended slipped disc treatment is best, specifically in the beginning stages of a common slipped disc, to minimize slipped disc symptoms, back pain, and to avoid other more severe conditions.
A slipped disc commonly reverts to normal if granted sufficient time to recover and if it is exposed to suitable lifestyle routines. Probably the best treatment after the onset of a slipped disc is bed rest. In cases of serious pain, a couple of days of rest is recommended to help ease the condition. However, prolonged bed rests is never beneficial for the condition, since the muscle becomes vulnerable. During this time, living an engaged lifestyle would be a fine adjustment. Keeping active, while keeping the recommended positions, whether standing, sitting, or lying down, will allow the back to recover faster.
Naturally, similar to everything else, moderation is best. Though being busy is great, high-impact and physically demanding activities are major no-nos for back pain, since these will certainly intensify the condition. Swimming and various exercise routines, such as aerobics, strengthening, and stretching exercises, are fantastic for the lower back, since they help tone your back. Another thing to evade from is difficult positions, like reaching or lifting from the ground, or sitting for long periods of time, since these can intensify your condition as much as performing high-impact and strenuous activities.
Physical therapy is a fine slipped disc treatment, which some orthopedics will suggest.
Similar to the above mentioned exercise routines, physical therapy would also feature various strengthening exercises for the lower back and the leg muscles. However, physical therapy is unique to various exercise routines, like strengthening exercises, for instance, in that it is much more basic, with many repeated routines having one or two steps only. Well-known routines performed in PT are pelvic tilts, lower back rotations, backward bending, and lower body isometrics, to name just a few.
Alternative treatments, like acupuncture and chiropractic adjustments, may also be done rather than standard clinical treatments and PT.
For patients who would opt not to move around a lot, medicines are typically the best treatment option. Prevalent medications may incorporate pain relievers, such as analgesics and Codeine, and anti-inflammatory medicines, such as NSAIDs, oral and injected corticosteroids, and muscle relaxants, to name just a few.
Surgery may also be prescribed, specifically with serious, persistent, and neurological instances. Whether minimally-invasive or open surgeries, these procedures concentrate on correcting the slipped disc and removing any nerve impingements. Some popular procedures done for slipped disc are open discectomy, prosthetic intervertebral disc replacement, and endoscopic laser discectomy, to name some.
The application of special non surgical spinal decompression machines is growing in popularity today, when it comes to conventional and efficient slipped disc treatment. The machine puts negative pressure on the affected area to revert the disc back to its original shape, giving relief. Incidentally, the VAX D and the DRX9000 Spinal Decompression Machine are the most well-known commercial decompression machines in the market.
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